Cannabis and Sleep

Cannabis and Sleep: Exploring the Connection and Potential Benefits

Cannabis and Sleep


Sleep is a fundamental aspect of human well-being, playing a vital role in physical, mental, and emotional health. In recent years, there has been growing interest in the potential of cannabis to influence sleep patterns and alleviate sleep-related issues. With changing attitudes and increasing legalization efforts surrounding cannabis, it is important to delve into the relationship between cannabis and sleep to better understand its potential benefits and risks.

Understanding the Science Behind Sleep

Before diving into the effects of cannabis on sleep, let’s briefly understand the science behind sleep. Sleep consists of various stages, including rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM stages. These stages play a crucial role in memory consolidation, emotional regulation, and overall cognitive function.

Cannabis and Sleep Regulation

Cannabis contains compounds called cannabinoids, with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) being the most well-known. THC is known for its psychoactive effects, while CBD is non-psychoactive and is often associated with potential therapeutic benefits.

Insomnia Relief: Some individuals report using cannabis to address insomnia and difficulty falling asleep. THC may help in initiating sleep by reducing the time it takes to fall asleep. However, frequent use of THC may lead to a tolerance buildup, diminishing its effectiveness over time.

Sleep Duration: Research suggests that cannabis use might increase total sleep duration. However, this effect could be influenced by factors such as the strain of cannabis, dosage, and individual variations. Indica strains are ones that are generally more relaxing and somniferous.

Sleep Apnea: Preliminary studies indicate that cannabinoids might have a positive impact on sleep apnea, a condition characterized by interrupted breathing during sleep. The potential lies in THC’s ability to stabilize breathing and promote deeper sleep.

The Endocannabinoid System's Role

The human body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays a role in regulating various physiological processes, including sleep. Cannabinoids from cannabis interact with the ECS, potentially influencing sleep-wake cycles. However, more research is needed to fully comprehend these interactions and their long-term effects.

CBD vs. THC: Different Effects on Sleep

CBD and THC have distinct effects on sleep. While THC may help with falling asleep, it could disrupt REM sleep and lead to grogginess upon waking. However, CBD seems to have a more positive influence on sleep quality by promoting relaxation without the psychoactive effects associated with THC.

CBN & Melatonin: Often Added to Cannabis Products to Facilitate Sleep

CBN (cannabinol) and melatonin are often added to cannabis products for their potential synergistic effects and to provide specific benefits to consumers. CBN is a cannabinoid that is known for its mild sedative properties and is believed to contribute to the “couch-lock” feeling commonly associated with indica strains of cannabis. When added to cannabis products, CBN may enhance relaxation and aid in promoting a sense of calm and sleepiness, making it suitable for individuals looking to alleviate insomnia or anxiety.

Melatonin, on the other hand, is a hormone that plays a key role in regulating sleep-wake cycles. When combined with cannabis, melatonin can amplify the sleep-inducing effects, potentially providing more effective relief for individuals struggling with sleep disorders or disruptions. This combination is particularly appealing for those who are seeking a natural alternative to traditional sleep aids.

The synergy between CBN and melatonin is thought to create a more comprehensive sleep-promoting experience, as CBN helps relax the body and melatonin helps regulate the body’s internal clock. However, it is important to note that individual responses to these compounds can vary, and more research is needed to fully understand their interactions and effects. As the demand for cannabis-infused products grows, the inclusion of CBN and melatonin caters to consumers looking for targeted solutions to sleep-related issues, displaying the industry’s commitment to innovation and meeting diverse wellness needs.

Caution and Considerations

Individual Differences: The effects of cannabis on sleep can vary greatly among individuals. Factors like genetics, tolerance, and underlying medical conditions play a role.

Dosage and Timing: Finding the right dosage and timing is crucial. A lower dose might be more effective in improving sleep without causing adverse effects.

Long-Term Effects: Regular and high-dose THC use could lead to dependence, tolerance, and potential cognitive impairments. Long-term effects on sleep quality and overall health are still being studied.

Consulting a Healthcare Professional

Before incorporating cannabis as a sleep aid, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional, especially if you have a history of mental health issues, substance abuse, or other medical conditions. They can provide personalized guidance based on your health status and needs.


The relationship between cannabis and sleep is complex and multifaceted. While some individuals may experience benefits in terms of falling asleep faster or extending sleep duration, more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits, risks, and long-term effects. As attitudes and regulations surrounding cannabis continue to evolve, a balanced and informed approach is key to making well-informed decisions about using cannabis to address sleep-related issues. Sleep Well!!


Cal Verde Cannabis in Belmont, MA.

6 Cannabis Flower Strains for First Timers

Cal Verde Cannabis in Belmont, MA.

6 Cannabis Flower Strains for First Timers

by: Emma Thurston

If you are new to cannabis, or your most recent interaction with it was ages ago, you might be wondering where to start! There are so many amazing strains and hybrids available now that finding the right place to dive into the world of cannabis flower can be overwhelming. We find that the best way to find the right product is to think about what effect you’re looking for – are you looking for deep full-body relaxation? Focus? Energy? A spark of creativity? A subtle buzz after a long day? There’s a strain for that!

Many new users find it helpful to look for varieties with a lower THC content (under 20%) with some CBD to “balance out” the effects of the THC for low tolerance users or users that are beginning to explore what cannabis has to offer. CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid with properties that can act as a buffer to THC. Some people even refer to CBD as “training wheels” for cannabis consumption. And if you’re an experienced consumer? These varieties of flower can be very appealing for functional, daytime sessions.

Here are some of our favorite mild or CBD dominant strains:

Harlequin – this one has a high CBD:THC ratio, giving the user a gentle euphoric feeling without overwhelming the senses. Harlequin is a sativa variety which means it generally provides a clear-headed high without sedation. The myrcene terpene in this strain gives it a sweet, earthy aroma and taste.

Sour Tsunami – with only trace amounts of THC, Sour Tsunami is a popular choice for users that don’t want to feel stoned but want the benefits that can come from cannabis use. We find this strain to have calming effects without sticking your butt to the couch. The taste and aroma are most reminiscent of its parent strains Sour Diesel and NYC Diesel – musky and diesel-y but with a sweet undertone that’s particularly noticeable if you’re using a flower vape.

Pennywise – rounding out our CBD dominant suggestions is Pennywise, an indica hybrid that features a 1:1 ratio of CBD and THC. This means that its psychoactive effects are gentler than THC dominant strains, but still balanced enough to give the user some of the relaxing “stoner” effects of cannabis. A hint of citrus and pepper flavor in this one!

Blue Dream – Blue Dream is a bar-setter for sativa dominant hybrid strain. While it isn’t CBD dominant, it offers a clear, functional high without any laziness or sleepiness. Perfect for a wake & bake session, many users report that Blue Dream delivers an energy boost similar to a green tea and helps them focus. As if that weren’t enough, Blue Dream is incredibly full-bodied and has a lovely sweet, fruity flavor profile with citrus and musky undertones. One of our favorites!

Airplane Glue #3 – This indica hybrid features all the high notes of its lineage strains, which include Kush and diesel varieties. Airplane Glue has thick diesel aromatics with earthy undertones. This strain gives you a clean, functional, and focused high, perfect for daytime use and with a more energizing effect than you’d expect from an indica.

Jack Herer – Jack is an award-winning sativa-dominant strain boasting a fresh and delightfully citrusy flavor profile. Its smooth, uplifting high makes it perfect for daytime use and when used in moderation is a perfect option for novice users. Very potent at higher doses, so start light with this one – effects are quick so you can learn how to ease in and find the dosage that works for you. No crash and burn with this one, you’ll float down nice and gently.

One of the main things to remember when introducing yourself to cannabis is to ease in – start slow and find the right balance for you! Make sure your environment is comfortable and that you have some time free of obligations for the best beginner experience. We recommend starting with a CBD dominant strain to get used to the effects, and then branching out into one of the more accessible THC varieties listed above. One of the benefits of legal dispensaries is that the cannabis is lab tested, so you can know exactly how much THC (or CBD) a product has. With the vast range of effects with each strain, if one doesn’t work for you, don’t give up! You can take note of what cannabinoid profile that product has and try something different next time. The staff at Cal Verde Naturals are passionate about all things cannabis and welcome the opportunity to walk you through your options and make experience-based recommendations.


Cal Verde Cannabis interior Belmont, MA.

What to Expect on Your First Visit to Cal Verde – Belmont

Cal Verde Cannabis interior Belmont, MA.

What to Expect on Your First Visit to Cal Verde – Belmont

by: Emma Thurston

We’re so excited to welcome you to Cal Verde! Maybe it’s your first time visiting us, or your first time visiting a dispensary at all! Either way, we’re here to make your experience wonderful.

We know that walking into a dispensary can be daunting – there’s a big menu with lots of choices, and you may not even know the right questions to ask if you’re an inexperienced user. Our goal is to make your visit with us fun & stress-free, whether it’s your first time or you’re one of our regulars.

Remember, you must be 21+ years old with a valid government-issued ID to enter. Your ID must be valid and government-issued – state ID cards, driver’s licenses, and passports are accepted as long as they’re not expired. Our front desk staff will visually verify your ID and then electronically scan it for verification, and then buzz you into the sales floor after that ID verification.

You may be simply picking up a pre-order and don’t need to do any more browsing – that’s fine! Head straight to the counter to pick up your order. But what if you’d like to browse, or aren’t sure which products are right for you? This is our time to shine! We never want you to feel rushed at Cal Verde. Browse our displays. Have a seat (those comfy-looking chairs aren’t just for show) and look through our menu with one of our friendly and knowledgeable budtenders. If you have an idea of what effect you’re looking for, we can help guide your experience with product recommendations and consumption methods. One of the most exciting things about the cannabis industry is the incredible innovation happening with products – there are so many great items hitting the shelves all the time! We would be thrilled to walk you through the latest products and how to use them, or to go through the differences in strains to find what might be the right fit for you. Whatever your level of experience, the team at Cal Verde believes in meeting you where you’re at and making sure you leave happy.

In Massachusetts, there is a legal daily limit to your cannabis purchase. Don’t worry, if you place an order on our website you’ll be alerted if you exceed the legal limit, and in-store our budtender will let you know if you’ve exceeded the amount. The limit in Massachusetts is 1 oz of flower per person, per day. This 1 oz of flower translates to 500 mg of edibles or 5 grams of concentrate (including vapes), and you can mix and match up to that legal limit.

For checking out, we’re able to accept debit cards and cash. Credit cards are not accepted at cannabis retailers. We do have an ATM on site for your convenience.

Remember that just like alcohol, you can’t have an open container in your car ride home – this means no broken containers or a package with contents missing. And of course, there is no consumption on-site or in the store. Cal Verde strives to be an excellent neighbor and we ask our customers to respect our communities and the law.

Remember, we’re here to help so don’t be afraid to ask questions and get the most out of your shopping experience. We can’t wait to see you!


Cal Verde Cannabis in Belmont, MA.

Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid: What’s the Difference?

Cal Verde Cannabis in Belmont, MA.

Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid: What’s the Difference?

by: Emma Thurston

When people think of cannabis, they tend to think of it in two categories – sativa and indica. Indica dominant varieties like Granddaddy Purple and Bubba Kush have long been associated with a relaxing, physically sedating high (Indica = “IN DA COUCH”) while sativa dominant strains like Jack Herer and Strawberry Cough are thought to give you a more energized, creative, and social buzz. Hybrids take a little bit from both worlds – and with so much creative breeding happening in the cannabis cultivation world, most strains will be a hybrid with indica or sativa dominance.

The neat little indica/sativa buckets that we’re tempted to put strains into have turned out to be much more complex. The different types of cannabinoids and terpenes in each strain are what determines the effect you’ll get, not simply whether it’s indica or sativa dominant.

Cannabis plants contain hundreds of chemical compounds, with cannabinoids leading the charge. You’re likely familiar with the two main ones – THC and CBD. THC (Δ 9 – tetrahydrocannabinol) is the cannabinoid that’s responsible for making us feel high and hungry. Some users find that it can help relieve pain or nausea, and assist with sleep. CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid that’s often used for medicinal purposes, like reducing inflammation and combatting anxiety. Check out our blog “Flower Strains for First Timers ” for more information about how CBD can provide a buffer to the effects of THC.

Next up are TERPENES! Terpenes are well on their way to becoming the stars of the cannabis show, and for good reason. Terpenes are aromatic oils that give fruits, herbs, and other plants their scent. Have you ever had a beer that had a citrusy aroma to it? That’s because of the terpenes found in that variety of hops. Lavender, pine, citrus, berries, pepper, and even diesel fuel are common scents found in different cannabis strains, and those are all specific terpene attributes. Cultivators and manufacturers have really begun to shift focus on the terpene profile of their products, not only for the appealing aromas, but because more and more research is showing that terpenes like myrcene, pinene, and linalool can be linked to how they make you feel. This is one reason that there’s so much interest in full-spectrum and/or “live” products – flash freezing the fresh plants right after harvest preserves those terpenes in ways that traditional dry curing doesn’t, resulting in tasty, aromatic finished products.

While research is increasingly showing that all the chemical compounds in cannabis combine to give us what’s called the “entourage effect,” there’s still nothing wrong with using the sativa/indica differentiator as a starting point to chase the effect that you’re looking for. If you try strain after strain of indica and you find it’s better at giving you the energy to deep clean your house top-to-bottom when you’re really after an intense relaxation, switch it up and try a sativa strain. Every person has a different experience with different strains, the important part is keeping an open mind and experimenting to find out what hits your sweet spot. Luckily for us, there is no shortage of incredible lines of cannabis out there, with new hybrids being developed constantly! We pride ourselves on carrying a wide variety of all kinds of strains, so you’re sure to find exactly what you need. Make sure to talk with Cal Verde’s experienced team if you’d like some guidance on which varieties you might enjoy.